I read about an interesting tool that is being integrated into Xen that offers high availability.  It is developed by The University of British Columbia.

Our approach encapsulates protected software in a virtual machine, asynchronously propagates changed state to a backup host at frequencies as high as forty times a second, and uses speculative execution to concurrently run the active VM slightly ahead of the replicated system state.


This is pretty interesting for High Availability in virtual machines.

Remus is a novel system for retrofitting high availability onto existing software running on commodity hardware. The system uses virtualization to encapsulate a protected VM, and performs frequent whole-system checkpoints to asynchronously replicate the state of a single speculatively executing virtual machine.